Ndi dziko la ‘Kugonana ndi Mzinda’. Kodi Carrie ndi Co. Akadali M’menemo?

Mu gawo loyamba la mndandanda wa HBO “Atsikana,” Shoshanna akufunsa msuweni wake Jessa kuti amusilira chithunzi chake cha “Kugonana ndi Mzinda”. “Ndiwedi, ngati Carrie koma, monga, zina za Samantha ndi tsitsi la Charlotte,” akutero Shoshanna. “Ndiko, ngati, kuphatikiza kwabwino kwambiri.” Ndipo mu gawo loyamba la “Thamangani Padziko Lonse,” pa Starz, Ella, wolemba yemwe ali ndi ubale wosokonekera ndi mnzake wakale, akufotokoza wokongola wake wakale ndi mnzake Sondi ngati “Wamkulu wanga.”

Mnzakeyo amamukaniza ponena kuti si Wamkulu. “Pali mapu omveka bwino, okhazikitsidwa bwino a chikhalidwe cha pop okhudza izi,” akuuza Ella.

Pali, kwenikweni, mapu okhazikitsidwa bwino a izi; sizongochitika mwangozi kuti mawonetsero ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” ngati malo ofotokozera. Kanemayo, yemwe adawonekera koyamba pa HBO mu 1998 ndipo adakhala kwa nyengo zisanu ndi chimodzi (ndipo adatulutsa mafilimu awiri oyipa kwambiri), adasintha masewerawa ndikuwonetsa azimayi ngati anthu ovuta, ogonana.

Koma “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” zikabwera tsopano, nthawi zambiri zimabwera ndi oyenerera: “Zinali zabwino kwa nthawi yake.” Padutsa zaka makumi awiri kuchokera pamene mndandandawu unayamba kuwonetsedwa pa HBO, ndipo si chikhalidwe chathu chokha chomwe chasintha; mtundu umene “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” unakhala wonyamula muyezo, lady-gang rom-dramedy, pafupifupi mabwenzi anayi achikazi omwe amayendetsa kugonana, chikondi ndi chibwenzi, nawonso adasintha.

Zaka ziwiri pambuyo pake, “Sex and the City” idatsatiridwa ndi “Girlfriends,” chiwonetsero cha abwenzi anayi akuda omwe amagwira ntchito ndi chibwenzi ku Los Angeles. Mu 2012, “Atsikana” adadziwika kuti “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” kwa zaka chikwi. Tsopano, pafupifupi zaka khumi pambuyo pake, 2021 chakhala chaka chambiri, kuphatikiza zoyambira za “Thamangani Padziko Lonse,” “Harlem” ndi “Kugonana kwa Atsikana aku College,” komanso nyengo yomaliza ya “Wosatetezeka.” Tili m’nyengo yatsopano ya ziwonetsero za moyo wamasiku ano wa akazi omwe amatsutsana nawo kapena akukambirana ndi “Kugonana ndi Mzinda,” kukulitsa mawonekedwe amtundu ndi gulu komanso kuchitapo kanthu mwatsopano ndi mikhalidwe yambiri yakukhala mkazi padziko lapansi. .

Pakati paziwonetsero zatsopano za zigawenga za azimayi, “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” adabweranso mwezi uno ndi chitsitsimutso pa HBO Max, “Ndipo Monga choncho…,” mmene Carrie (Sarah Jessica Parker), Miranda (Cynthia Nixon) ndi Charlotte (Kristin Davis), onse a zaka za m’ma 50 tsopano, akhazikika m’miyoyo yawo ndi mabanja awo. Zaka za m’ma 90 zapita kale. Momwemonso ndi Samantha yemwe amakonda kwambiri (Kim Cattrall). Ndipo tsopano mndandanda watsopanowu uli ndi ntchito yovuta yodziwonetseranso ku mtundu womwe wakhwima kupitirira chitsanzo chomwe adapanga.

Nthawi yomweyo zikuwonekeratu momwe chitsitsimutso chikuyesera kusinthira “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” mu 2021. Carrie ali ndi Instagram! Ndipo ntchito pa podcast yogonana! Miranda ayenera kuthana ndi mwana wake wamwamuna yemwe tsopano akugonana! Charlotte ali ndi mnzake Wakuda! Mndandandawu uli ndi ntchito yochuluka yowerengera za kusintha konse kwa chikhalidwe – ndi TV, pambuyo pa “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” – zakhala zikuchitika m’zaka zapitazi za 23. Pa magawo anayi omwe adatulutsidwa mpaka pano, kupita patsogolo kwake kukukayikira.

Mu “Ndipo Monga Momwemo …,” Miranda, adalembetsa maphunziro a University of Columbia omwe ali ndi ophunzira ochepera zaka makumi angapo kuposa iye, amavutika kuti adziwe chomwe chimatanthauza kukhala wothandizana ndi anthu amitundu yosiyanasiyana. Ndale za Identity inali imodzi mwamagawo akulu “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” kupewedwa ngati … chabwino, monga anayi mwa mabwalo asanu a New York City. Sikuti mndandanda wa akazi anayi oyera, koma chiwerengero cha anthu amitundu ndi akazi osadziwika omwe analipo pamndandandawu, ngakhale ngati otchulidwa oyendayenda, anali ochepa kwambiri moti wina angadabwe ngati amakhala mumzinda wa New York m’ma 90s. . (Iwo anatero.)

Makanema ambiri omwe adawonekera pambuyo pa oimbidwa nyenyezi a “Sex and the City” omwe adawonetsa kusiyana kotheratu ndi anthu oyera, owongoka omwe anali nawo: “Girlfriends,” “Harlem,” “Insecure,” “Run the World” ndi “The Kugonana kwa Atsikana aku Koleji “kumasonyeza maubwenzi pakati pa akazi azungu okha. Ndipotu, ambiri mwa magulu awo akuluakulu amapangidwa ndi akazi akuda. Kukhala ndi akazi amtundu omwe ali ndi chiwerewere chawo popanda kukhala ogonana kwambiri komanso omwe ali odziwika bwino – ndi zodetsa nkhawa zenizeni, kusonkhana ndi abwenzi kuti amwe zakumwa kapena kusuntha m’ntchito zawo – ndizosintha momwe Carrie ndi Co. poyamba anali akazi oyera. .

Osachepera kwa oyera Molunjika akazi. “Sex and the City” idadzizindikiritsa yokha m’zaka za m’ma 1990 ndi mndandanda wokhala ndi anthu ogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha – Stanford Blatch (Willie Garson) ndi Anthony Marentino (Mario Cantone) – koma zomwe zidachitika panthawiyo zitha kutchedwa zovuta tsopano. Stanford ndi Anthony adagwera mwaukhondo m’malingaliro a “gay best friend” ndipo pamapeto pake adasiyana. Ponena za amayi, “kugonana” kwa mutuwo kunali pafupifupi kosiyanasiyana kosiyanasiyana kosiyanasiyana.

Pambuyo pake, ziwonetsero monga “Asungwana” ndi “Asungwana” nthawi zambiri amatsatiranso izi. Koma pamene ndale za chikhalidwe cha kugonana zakula, momwemonso za mndandanda wa azimayi. Mwachitsanzo, “The L Word,” yomwe inayamba chaka cha “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” inatha, inapereka chithunzi chochititsa chidwi cha akazi aumphawi omwe TV inali isanawaonepo.

Mwa ziwonetsero zaposachedwa kwambiri zamtunduwu, “Harlem” ndi amodzi mwa ochepa omwe ali ndi zilembo zachikazi zapakati. Ndipo palibe m’modzi yekha: Pamodzi ndi Tye (Jerrie Johnson) yemwe amawonetsa zachimuna ndi Quinn (Grace Byers), yemwe adayamba kuwoneka ngati Black Charlotte wawonetsero koma pamapeto pake amayamba kukayikira zachiwerewere chake chogwedezeka akayamba kukopeka. bwenzi wamkazi. Ndipo mu “Sex Lives,” pali Leighton (Reneé Rapp) yemwe amakonda kutchuka, yemwe amakhala nyengo yoyamba atatsekedwa.

“Ndipo Monga Momwemo …” amayesa kuthetsa zofooka zakale za chilolezocho poyambitsa mabwenzi amtundu (aliyense wa azimayi amapeza m’modzi, kuphatikiza omwe adaseweredwa ndi Sarita Choudhury, Nicole Ari Parker, Karen Pittman ndi Sara Ramirez), koma otchulidwa awa. sanapatsidwe nkhani zazikuluzikulu kapena chitukuko chawochawo. Mndandandawu wabweretsanso otchulidwa atsopano (mwana wamkazi wa Charlotte Rose, wosewera ndi Alexa Swinton, yemwe ali ndi dysphoria ya jenda, ndi abwana a Carrie, Che, omwe adaseweredwa ndi Ramirez), omwe amatsutsa malingaliro osamala a mayi wamkulu pa jenda ndi kugonana, kapena, mu nkhani ya Miranda, atsogolereni pazochitika zawo zokhuza kugonana kwawo. Kuyesa kwamitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi koyamikirika koma kosazama, makamaka komweko kuti aphunzitse azimayi oyera oyera atatuwa za ndale zatsopano komanso kuwathandiza pamakhalidwe awo.

“Kugonana ndi Mzinda” zinali zotseguka modabwitsa za ufulu wa mkazi wosankha muzochitika pamene Miranda akuganiza zochotsa mimba, koma mwinamwake zinali zandale pankhani ya thanzi la amayi. Oloŵa m’malo ake mokulira atsatira chitsanzo—indedi, chifukwa cha kugogomezera kwawo ponena za kugonana, kaŵirikaŵiri sipakhala chisamaliro chochuluka m’nkhani zankhaninkhani zimene zimatulukapo. Panjira zonse za “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” ndi omwe adalowa m’malo mwake amatengera mawonekedwe a ukazi, ambiri asiya mbali zovuta kwambiri, zosasangalatsa za kukhala mkazi m’nthawi yathu ino.

Nkhani yochotsa mimba imabwera, ndipo nthawi zina mmodzi wa amayiwa amadwala matenda opatsirana pogonana, koma amatha msanga monga momwe amawonekera. Mu “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” mbadwa za Black casts, pali vuto linanso lokambirana za zovuta zachipatala zomwe zimafala kwambiri kwa akazi akuda – mu “Girlfriends” ndi “Harlem,” mwachitsanzo, otchulidwa amadwala uterine fibroids. Ndipo mu “Kusatetezeka,” munthu m’modzi amamira mu kupsinjika kwa pambuyo pobereka, vuto lina lodziwika bwino koma silimayankhidwa kawirikawiri lomwe azimayi akuda ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chifukwa chakusalinganika kwachuma komanso chikhalidwe.

Komabe, mndandanda wa zigawenga za amayi wasintha kwambiri m’gawo limodzi la ndale zokhuza kugonana: Masiku ano, zikuwoneka ngati zosamveka kuti tisaphatikizepo nkhani zachipongwe komanso maubale owopsa, kuzunzidwa komanso kuvomereza pazowonetsa za azimayi. Paziwonetsero zaposachedwa, omwe ali ndi zilembo zazing’ono – choyamba “Atsikana,” ndipo tsopano “Kugonana kwa Atsikana aku College” – akhala odzipereka kwambiri kuti athane ndi mavutowa, kuwonetsa pafupipafupi komwe mibadwo yachichepere ikukambirana izi. “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” wakhala akupewa ndipo akupitiriza kupewa ndale za kugonana koteroko, ngakhale kuti nkhaniyi imasokoneza mndandanda watsopano ngakhale chifukwa cha milandu yambiri yogwiriridwa adalimbana ndi Chris Noth, wosewera yemwe amasewera Mr. Big.

Panthawi ina, ambiri aife timafunikanso kugwira ntchito molimbika kuti tipeze zofunika pamoyo, makamaka ku New York, ndipo ambiri “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” sanafunikire kusiya zomwe amaziwona pazandale zantchito ndi kalasi kuti akhale ndi mndandanda wopambana. M’malo mwake, chiwonetserocho mwina chinali chongopeka chowoneka bwino popanda icho. Zatsopano zatsopano zatenga njira yeniyeni. Kwa amayi omwe ali pamndandanda ngati “Osatetezeka,” ntchito ndizovuta zenizeni komanso zomwe zikuchitika; “Abwenzi” ndi “Miyoyo Yogonana” awonetsa kusiyana kwamagulu kuzinthu zoseketsa komanso zochititsa chidwi.

Carrie ndi atsikana, panthawiyi, akhala akuwoneka kuti amakhala ndi moyo wosangalala kwambiri pazifukwa zomwe sizinali zomveka bwino. “Kugonana ndi Mzinda” koyambirira komwe adachita kuti athane ndi kalasi pakati pa azimayi ake inali nkhani yomwe Carrie adadzichepetsa chifukwa adayenera kukwera basi. “Atsikana” adavala zotchingira zomwezo zaka 14 pambuyo pake. Ziwonetsero zonse ziwirizi zidalipo mumtundu wosasunthika wa moyo wapamwamba, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti mawonedwewa asadziwike kwa omvera ambiri omwe adagwa kunja kwa malingaliro opapatiza ndikupereka chithunzi cha 2-D cha moyo wamakono. Ndipo komabe, pali omvera a “Ndipo Monga Momwemo …” monga momwe zinalili za “Kugonana ndi Mzinda.” Koma tsopano, kwa mafani omwe akufuna zambiri kuchokera ku nthano zawo, pali zosankha zina zambiri.

Nthawi ina mu “Ndipo Monga Momwemo …,” Carrie amaseka movutikira kudzera munkhani ya podcast yokhudza kuseweretsa maliseche. Pambuyo pake akusimba chokumana nacho ndi Miranda, akunena kuti ayenera kukhala omasuka kwambiri ndi nkhani zake zakugonana. “Sikuti ndiwe amene,” Miranda akuyankha. Carrie akuyankha, “Chabwino, sitingakhale omwe tinali, sichoncho?” Azimayi amakono awa, omwe kale anali amadzimadzi, amawoneka ngati zotsalira za museum zomwe zatsitsidwa m’zaka zamakono.

Chinthu chimodzi chomwe akazi ayenera kukumana nacho ndi mtundu wapadera wa zaka zomwe zimakwera ngati boogeyman akafika msinkhu winawake. Pankhani imeneyi, zasintha zochepa kwambiri. Gulu la zigawenga za azimayi limakondabe achinyamata, kuyambira chakumapeto kwa unyamata ndi ziwonetsero zonga “Miyoyo Yogonana,” ndikupitilira mpaka zaka za m’ma 20 za azimayi, monga momwe “Asungwana” ndi “Abwenzi Achibwenzi” amachitira. Ena amapitilira zaka za m’ma 30, monga “Insecure,” “Harlem” ndi “Run the World.” Kupitilira apo, mtunduwo umapereka zochepa kwambiri. Zimakhala ngati akazi akafika kumapeto kwa zaka za m’ma 30, amaloŵa m’phompho la kusakwatira ndi kusafunikira.

Ndiye chimachitika ndi chiyani paziwonetsero izi azimayi akakula? Kodi mtunduwo ukugwa? Siziyenera kutero, chifukwa amayi amapitabe kukagonana kupitirira zaka zawo za 20 ndi 30. (Ganizirani ena anayi omwe adachita zomwezo, zaka zisanachitike “Kugonana ndi Mzinda”: Atsikana Agolide.)

“Ndipo Monga Momwemo …” ziyenera kukhala zopambana m’mawu awa, ndipo mwanjira zina zimatero. Koma nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosamasuka ndi bokosi latsopano la anthu omwe amagweramo. Kumene “Ndipo Monga Momwemo…” zimakanika mu dipatimenti iyi, sichifukwa cha zaka za otchulidwa. Ndi chifukwa olemba alephera kuzindikira njira zomwe akazi azaka zapakati ndi kupitirira angakhalebe oseketsa, ogonana komanso oyenera.

Zinthu zasintha kuyambira m’ma 90s, koma zambiri zakhala chimodzimodzi. Timakondabe ziwonetsero za akazi pachibwenzi. Tikufunabe ziwonetsero za maubwenzi a akazi. Popanda “Kugonana ndi Mzinda,” sitingakhale ndi mndandanda wonse womwe tili nawo lero.

Pali malo ambiri amtunduwu koma kwa amayi omwe sali chabe Carries kapena Charlottes kapena Mirandas kapena Samanthas; Zaka 23 pambuyo pake, pali mitundu yambiri ya akazi omwe amagonana mumzinda, ndipo TV ndi yabwino kwa izo.

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