When you hear “maternal health,” your attention is drawn to women’s health, sexuality and reproduction. But maternal health is made up of many things. They are made up of the environment in which they live, the food they eat and the air they breathe. In short: women’s health and human health.
Risk that is often overlooked is non-communicable diseases, or NCDs. NCDS — such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes — is a contributing factor two thirds of them die among women every year, and posing a serious risk to their health and well-being. Women and girls often also carry the burden of sexually transmitted infections such as sick caregivers, which hinders them from accessing or learning.
At the same time, NCDs and behavioral and environmental factors — including tobacco, alcohol, unhealthy foods and air pollution — are closely linked to maternal health, sexual and reproductive health. For example, foods low in calcium, obesity, diabetes, and hypertension increase the risk of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia—the second leading cause of maternal deaths.
In order to improve women’s health and women’s well-being, we must hold governments accountable for addressing NCDs and their risks. Here are some of the great things.
Cutting Tobacco. Every year, 2 million women die from smoking. When smoking rates among men are down, they in women are rising. This should not be surprising, since the tobacco industry sees women as an opportunity to market and seeks them through advertisements that combine smoking with a sense of popularity, beauty, and beauty — including weight loss. Women count on average two thirds of all deaths are from tobacco smoke, often because they do not have the energy to negotiate a smoke-free environment, at work or even in their homes.
The ban on smoking is an important issue for women’s health, with definite answers. Governments have a wealth of principles to reduce consumption and improve health care, including rising tobacco taxes, banning tobacco products, and banning smoking in public places.
Prevent air pollution. It is said that air pollution is compared 6.7 million lives each year, including 2.3 million lives loss due to air pollution in the home. Without access to clean cooking oil, millions of families rely on traditional stoves and contaminants, and smoke poses a significant health risk to women, who often have the responsibility of cooking, as well as their families.
Experimental studies also emphasize how shortness of breath can have negative effects on the fetus and the growth of the baby. In a recent study, researchers found that carbon dioxide causes people to compare 350,000 abortions in South Asia every year. Researchers in my organization, Vital Strategies, recently published a comprehensive review of the global evidence for air pollution and housing. It can increase the risk of long-term and postpartum respiration.
Remedial measures to promote women’s health are to strengthen the government’s efforts to address the root causes of self-expression, which include efforts to promote the use of sanitation in the home.
Improving the Food System. We are seeing a shift in the global diet in which hunger and obesity are rampant, traditional foods are being eliminated, and people are being pushed to the cheapest and sweetest drinks that fill the market. In most cases, the face of malnutrition is that of women. Women and girls make 60% of the world malnourished and hungry people, as well as the world’s overweight and obese people – in 2016, 15% of women were overweight compared to 11% of men. Obesity puts people at greater risk for disease, including cardiovascular disease — the world’s leading cause of death. Risks increase during pregnancy; obesity is associated with all pregnancy-related complications including gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.
There are experimental measures that governments can take to curb the rise in obesity and the diseases that accompany it. Remove trans fats from the diet it is important, such as helping people make informed and healthy decisions bringing future records which warns consumers – who are usually women – against products that are high in salt, sugar and fat.
Counting to Everybody. Throughout our lives, the system of enrollment and statistical records (CRVS) collects data on important events, including births, deaths, marriages and divorces. Globally, CRVS systems are critical in helping governments identify and respond to deadly diseases. For an individual, reading means more. These legal documents can help women and girls to exercise their rights. For example, where child marriage is still common, birth certificates provide proof of a girl’s age and may provide protection for the child marriage and allow them to complete their education. And marriage certificates are an important part of a woman’s protection of child custody, property and inheritance.
But gender differences often make women — and their children — invisible. All over the world, some 40% of deaths He was not registered or registered for no apparent reason, whereas one-fourth of the birth of children under 5 years of age stay unregistered. Women are many less than men for their deaths to be registered, mainly because they cannot leave property or possessions. In addition, discrimination against unmarried women has been found preventing birth registration.
Investing in the promotion of CRVS systems will have a significant impact on gender equality, especially if barriers to enrollment for women — including cost and distance – are identified and eliminated.
When we hear of “maternal health,” we should compare everything from the warnings of hidden, unhealthy foods in packaged foods to smoking cessation programs in public places that give birth certificates to girls. . For healthy women, we need to strengthen our perceptions about women’s health and address the growing challenges.
About the Author: Christina Chang and Vice President and Vice President of Vital Strategies, a global health organization, working to address inequalities and global health problems. Christina has valuable knowledge to encourage and enhance access to medical care for women. Previously as Chief External Officer at Planned Parenthood New York, Christina oversaw organizational planning, and humanitarian efforts to protect sexual and reproductive health services and the well-being of all women. He also led the advocacy and election work of PPNYC’s Action Fund and PPNYC Votes PAC.
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